Chichen Itza

Chichen Itza is one part of the new seven wonders of the world. A place that is located in Yucatan, Mexico is a Mayan archaeological site of the most popular relics visited by foreign tourists. The buildings are famous for its beautiful form of architecture TSB was built between 550-900 AD by the Itza, one of the Maya ethnic groups.

But somehow in the 10th century this place was abandoned by them and since then the Mayans mysteriously disappeared.

If seen from the form of architecture, buildings in the area of Chichen Itza is the result alkulturasi architecture of Maya and Toltec cultures. Toltec is itself a reference to the nations who inhabit an area in the Tollan, 45 KM north of Mexico City. Civilization that worships the god Quetzalcoatl was led by a ruler named Mixcoatl which means "Dragon Cloud". According to history, the famous Toltec Nation more cruel than the Aztec Nation, Chichen Itza had invaded the area around the year 800 AD Chihen Itza itself is remaining Mayan ruins the most impressive beauty that can still be enjoyed today. There are some amazing buildings here relics of Mayan civilization, including Pyramid Kukulkan (El Castillo) as its center, then there are also buildings that are used as an astronomical observatory they called El Caracol, and several other buildings like the Temple of the Jaguar and the Temple of the Wariors

The name comes from the Chichen Itza Mayan language means "Chi" mouth, "Chen" wells, and "Itza" inhabitants of the place name of the tribe itself. Rubble remains of Mayan civilization in Central America, such as Chichen Itza, formerly an urban area that has been left by the Mayan long before Columbus to Cristoper Menginjakkkan first leg of the Americas. Mayan pyramid El Castillo is also located at Chichen Itza are often cited as two of the famous pyramid building after the Egyptian pyramids. However, different architectural forms Egyptian pyramids, Mayan Pyramid is not a pyramid-shaped cone, because at its peak, there is a plane used as a place of their rituals. Around it, we can see the four steps of the approximately 91 steps, and there is one steps back at the very top, so the total steps totaling 365 steps. This building height reached 24 meters, whereas the peak areas used to store offerings as high as 6 meters

And not be a secret anymore that the Mayan civilization that has a level of knowledge of astronomy is very unusual. This has indeed never doubt by astronomers at the moment. Long before Nicholas Copernicus declared that the spherical shape of the earth and the heliocentric theory that states the sun as the center of the solar system, the Maya have known about it far in advance. Mayan astronomical observatory also has a very specific form of the building. Viewed from the standpoint of the present, are functional as well as the outer shape of the Mayan observatory observatory is very similar to the present, as an example of such an observatory tower observer Kainuoka / El Caracol which is also located in Chichen Itza, on the beautiful terrace and very big on the tower however, there is a small, terraced steps leading to the terrace.
El Caracol Observatory There are some similarities with the observatory now, also a low-level building is shaped circular tubes, at the top there is a half ball-shaped dome, the dome is in the design of the observatory now is where to stick astronomical binoculars. Four low door in the floor of the right leads to the fourth position. Window in place to form relationships with six lines front verandah, at least three of them dealing with astronomy. One was related to spring (autumn), while the other two activities associated with the moon. El Caracol observatory tower observers this is the greatest relics in history, other historical relics which also has a similar structure. Everything is in a position closer together with the sun and moon. In recent years archaeologists assumed that the Mayan astronomer in ancient astronomy has built a network of observers in each region.

Until now, we can still find the remnants of the influence of Mayan culture that still adheres to some residents in the area of the Yucatan Peninsula and some areas of Chiapas, the native language of the ancient Mayan dialects are still widely used as their daily and construed in four to six million people around the Yucatan population is still using the language of TSB. This Center also applies to ancient Mayan tradition, the people in the Yucatan still continue many traditions of ancient Maya society as they grow traditional food crops (maize, beans, peppers, tomatoes and pumpkins) with the same technique, and choosing to use herbs as a drug- their medications. Around 550 AD, the Maya people successfully completed the construction of two Chichen (mouth of the well). The first wells are part of their sacred by the second part is used for everyday use. Chichen Itza, like most other Mayan centers, was the center of spiritual activity mereka.Ritual-directed ritual offerings to the gods a lot done here. History tells us that the area of Chichen Itza was abandoned by the Maya around 900 AD, this coincided with a period in which 80% Mayan mengilang said mysteriously. Until now there is no one explanation can answer the mystery of the disappearance of this civilization population. (Dipta)

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